100 Days of SQL


Day 24 – SQL EXISTS Operator

The SQL EXISTS operator is a logical operator that is used to test the existence of a subquery. It is typically used in conjunction with a correlated subquery to determine if any rows exist in a table based on a condition specified in the subquery.

The syntax for the EXISTS operator is as follows:

SELECT column_name(s)
FROM table_name
WHERE EXISTS (SELECT column_name FROM table_name WHERE condition);

In this syntax, the main query retrieves data from a table, and the subquery checks for the existence of data in another table based on a specific condition. If the subquery returns any rows, the EXISTS operator returns true and the main query retrieves data as per the specified column names.

The EXISTS operator can be used with other SQL clauses, such as SELECT, UPDATE, DELETE, and INSERT. It is particularly useful when you want to filter results based on a condition that is not directly present in the table being queried. For example, you might use the EXISTS operator to find all customers who have placed orders in the last 30 days, even if their contact information is stored in a separate table.